Dev Uthani Ekadashi – Tulsi Vivah
Dev Uthani Ekadashi – Prabodhini Ekadashi Vrat – 10th November 2016 (Thursday)
Ekadashi Tithi Begins ~ 11:21 on 10th November 2016
Ekadashi Tithi Ends ~ 09:12 on 11th November 2016
As per the Hindu calendar, Ekadashi falls twice in a month, it is the eleventh day of lunar calendar. In the month of Kartik which coincides with the months of October – November, the eleventh day of Shukla Paksha is celebrated as Dev Uthani Ekadashi. It is also known by the name of Prabodhini Ekadashi, Uthwana Ekadashi, Hari Bodhini Ekadashi, Uthwana Ekadashi, Devutthan Ekadashi or Kartiki Ekadashi.
It is believed that, on this day, Lord Vishnu woke up after a long sleep of four months, which marks the end of Chaturmaas. Chaturmaas is a period of four months when Hindu marriages are prohibited as Lord Vishnu sleeps from Shayani Ekadashi till Prabodhini Ekadashi (awakening eleventh). This day of Dev Uthani Ekadashi marks the onset of Hindu marriages and considered as auspicious day as Shaligram (manifestation of Lord Vishnu in the form of black stone) got married to Tulsi. It is famous by the name of Tulsi Vivah. Tulsi Vivah is the ceremonial wedding of the holy basil (Tulsi Plant) with Lord Vishnu or his Avatar Krishna with all pomp and show as in any other wedding.
The legends of Dev Uthani Ekadashi portrays the real reason behind the deep sleep of Lord Vishnu and how Ekadashi emerged.
Legends express that the companion of Lord Vishnu, Goddess Lakshmi was unsatisfied with the way Lord Vishnu rested for so long. At times, he was awake for a considerable length of time and at times, he rested constantly for many days. Subsequently, Goddess Lakshmi went to Lord Vishnu and grumbled about his indiscipline of ignorance. She told him that few saints and devas, Lord Shiva, Lord Brahma, are compelled to sit idle and keep waiting for a long time to meet him. Consequently, they return displeased without having Lord Vishnu’s Darshan. Moreover, this impartial presence of Lord Vishnu is profoundly exploited by the evil spirits. They take advantage of this opportunity in harming human beings and prompting to the spread of Adharma on earth.
After calmly listening to Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Vishnu answered that he would soon find a solution to this problem. In the interim, the Devas and Saints visit Lord Vishnu and told him about the burglary of the Vedas by a Demon named Shankhyayan. The evil spirit had conferred this demonstration with a specific purposel to deny the people about the learning of the Vedas and spread Adharma all around. On listening to this, Lord Vishnu guaranteed the sages that he would get back the Vedas. In the wake of battling for a few days with Demon Shankhyayan, he was successful in recovering the Vedas. He gave back the Vedas to Goddess Lakshmi, Devas and Saints. Also, he demanded sleep with a long rest yet just for four months. This rest began from Ashadha Shuddha Ekadashi until Kartik Shuddha Ekadashi, which is otherwise called Prabhodhini Ekadashi or Dev Uthani Ekadashi. Different pujas and rituals are carried on this day devoted to Lord Vishnu.
Another legend states, when Lord Vishnu was in deep sleep or meditation for four months, a demon known Murdanav came to fight with him. As Lord Vishnu was in deep sleep, a young and dynamic lady emerged out of his eleven senses (Ekadash Indris), which attracted the demon. He wanted to marry her but she put a condition before him that he will have to fight with her and win her. During the battle, the young lady killed the demon, Murdanav.
Lord Vishnu was pleased by her courageous success and gave her the name “Ekadashi” as she was formed out of his own eleven senses. He announced that whosoever will observe fast for Goddess Ekadashi would get salvation (moksha) and would be free from all sins and evils. Since then many people celebrate this day. Dev Uthani Ekadashi is celebrated majorly in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Ajmer.
Parana Time on 11th November 2016 – 13:16 to 15:28
Hari Vasara End Moment on Parana Day ~14:30
Parana refers to breaking the fast and Ekadashi Parana is done on next day of Ekadashi after sunrise. Parana should be done during Dwadashi Tithi otherwise, it is considered as an offence provided Dwadashi gets over before sunrise.
The first one – fourth duration of Dwadashi tithi is known as Hari Vasara, which is not suitable for Parana. Parana is done either during Pratahkal or Madhyakal.
Tulsi Vivah – 11th November 2016 (Friday)
Dwadashi Tithi Begins ~ 09:12 on 11th November 2016
Dwadashi Tithi Ends ~ 06:23 on 12th November 2016
In Sanskrit Tulsi is known as "Tulanaa naasti athaiva tulsi" signifying 'What is exceptional in its Qualities'. Tulsi Puja is the most important and crucial form of worshiping God in a Hindu family. Tulsi plant is considered as other form of Goddess Mahalaxmi. It is grown in a huge earthen pot and mostly in the front courtyard, in a structure known as Vrindavan made up of red bricks. Goddess Mahalakshmi was named as Vrinda at her birth time. People offer holy water to the holy Tulsi plant early morning, perform aarti and parikrama around it to get the blessings.
Tulsi Puja is observed during the Tulsi Vivah and Lord Vishnu is worshiped in the form of Shaligram with all pomp and show on the day of Dev Uthani Ekadashi.
Arrangements for the Puja:
- Tulsi pot
- Splendid Red coloured odhni for Tulsi plant
- Sugar cane sticks, Tamarind, Aamla and other fruits
- Mauli (red sacred thread), Roli (kumkum), Chawal (rice), Deepak (lamp), Red Flowers
- Puri, sweetpotato, kheer, red pumpkin (bhopla)
- Suhaag Pitaari (makeup kit) containing saree, mehendi, kajal (kohl), sindoor, green bangles, bindi, oil, mirror, anklets, toerings, etc.
- Pure Vegetarian Dishes for Bhog Prasad.
Tulsi Vivah Puja Vidhi/ Procedure:
- The area around the Tulsi Plant is properly cleaned and decorated with a rangoli as a symbol of well – being and positive energy.
- Tulsi Pot/Vrinda devi is hued and decorated similar to a bride with all the shringar items and red colored odhni. Four sticks of sugarcane are tied around the Tulsi pot with mauli (red sacred thread) around the Tulsi plant.
- At early afternoon, a full bhog prasad comprising of rice, sweet potato kheer, puri, red pumpkin (bhopla), vegetables cooked with bits of sugarcane, aamla and tamarind is offered to Holy Tulsi.
- Tulsi Vivah ritual is carried in the late evening either by the Pandit or the ladies of the house.
- The Panditji carries Shaligram with him. Sandalwood paste is applied on Shaligram ji. Puja is performed with all the saamigri. Tulsi Devi takes the sacred pheras with Shaligram.
- In a kit – saree, mehendi, kajal (kohl), sindoor, green bangles, bindi, oil, mirror, anklets, toerings and other suhaag related things are kept. This suhaag pitaari is offered to Tulsi Devi and later given to a Brahmini (female ascetic).
- Different poha dishes are offered to Lord Vishnu.
- After that, Prasad is distributed among all the family members, relatives and companions.
Jai Shree Krishna !